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多目标调查的MPPS平衡抽样方法研究

杨贵军, 沈文静, 梁鑫宇   

  1. 天津财经大学统计学院, 天津 300222
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-06 修回日期:2021-09-08 出版日期:2022-04-20 发布日期:2022-04-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(20ATJ008),天津市2019年度哲学社会科学规划重点课题(TJTJ19-001),国家自然科学基金项目面上项目(11471239),内蒙古纪检监察大数据实验室2020-2021年度开放课题(IMDBD202002,IMDBD202004)资助课题.

杨贵军, 沈文静, 梁鑫宇. 多目标调查的MPPS平衡抽样方法研究[J]. 系统科学与数学, 2022, 42(3): 715-729.

YANG Guijun, SHEN Wenjing, LIANG Xinyu. On MPPS Balanced Sampling for Multipurpose Survey[J]. Journal of Systems Science and Mathematical Sciences, 2022, 42(3): 715-729.

On MPPS Balanced Sampling for Multipurpose Survey

YANG Guijun, SHEN Wenjing, LIANG Xinyu   

  1. School of Statistics, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin 300222
  • Received:2021-06-06 Revised:2021-09-08 Online:2022-04-20 Published:2022-04-20
平衡抽样是广受关注的利用辅助信息改善样本结构的抽样方法.MPPS抽样在多目标调查中采用的与多变量规模成比例的入样概率,可以在平衡抽样中精确满足.基于MPPS抽样和平衡抽样的性质,文章提出多目标调查下的MPPS平衡抽样,该方法主要思想是将多个调查变量的辅助信息在确定入样概率和随机抽样过程中同时使用,提高HT估计量精度.模拟分析得出MPPS平衡抽样优于等概率平衡抽样、MPPS系统抽样和MPPS泊松抽样.同时,讨论了MPPS平衡抽样HT估计量的理论性质,对于随机排列的总体,给出适用的近似方差和方差估计.最后,以我国主要畜禽调查为例,设计一套符合中国现实的多目标调查方案,用MPPS平衡抽样抽取样本,构造主要畜禽存栏量的HT估计及方差估计,为中国政府统计调查提供新选择.
Balanced sampling is a widely applied sampling method that uses auxiliary information to improve the sample structure. The inclusion probabilities of MPPS (Multivariate Probability Proportional to Size) sampling used in multipurpose surveys can be exactly satisfied in balanced sampling. Based on the properties of MPPS sampling and balanced sampling, this paper proposes MPPS balanced sampling for multipurpose surveys. The main idea of this method is to use the auxiliary information of multiple survey variables in determining the inclusion probability and random sampling at the same time to improve the accuracy of the estimator. Simulation analysis shows that MPPS balanced sampling is better than equal probability balanced sampling, MPPS systematic sampling and MPPS Poisson sampling. At the same time, the theoretical properties of the HT estimator of MPPS balanced sampling is discussed. For a randomly arranged population, the applicable approximate variance and variance estimation are given. At last, Chinese main livestock and poultry survey is taken as an example, and a multipurpose sampling survey scheme of MPPS balanced sampling is proposed. This could provide a new option for Chinese government statistical survey.

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