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具有产能约束和价格干预的闭环供应链网络双渠道均衡

周岩,胡劲松,赵海瑞,逢晓敏   

  1. 青岛大学管理科学与工程系, 青岛 266071
  • 出版日期:2012-09-25 发布日期:2013-01-11

周岩,胡劲松,赵海瑞,逢晓敏. 具有产能约束和价格干预的闭环供应链网络双渠道均衡[J]. 系统科学与数学, 2012, 32(9): 1072-1091.

ZHOU Yan, HU Jinsong ,ZHAO Hairui, PANG Xiaomin. CLOSED-LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN NETWORK DUAL CHANNEL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL WITH PRODUCTION CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS AND PRICE RIGIDITIES[J]. Journal of Systems Science and Mathematical Sciences, 2012, 32(9): 1072-1091.

CLOSED-LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN NETWORK DUAL CHANNEL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL WITH PRODUCTION CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS AND PRICE RIGIDITIES

ZHOU Yan, HU Jinsong ,ZHAO Hairui, PANG Xiaomin   

  1. Department of Management Science and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071
  • Online:2012-09-25 Published:2013-01-11
研究了闭环供应链网络双渠道均衡问题,其中制造/再制造工厂存在产能约束,通过分销/回收中心实体链和通过电子商务直销渠道,将其产品经由零售商/回收点销售给存在限制性价格上限的消费市场.借助变分不等式理论,建立了闭环供应链网络双渠道均衡模型,设计了求解均衡解的对数二次逼近的预测校正算法.从数值算例分析得到: 消费市场中的商品会发生短缺,由于限制性价格上限的存在,当存在产能约束时情况会更为严重.另外,制造/再制造工厂加入直销渠道会增加制造/再制造工厂、零售商/回收点及闭环供应链的利润,但会减小分销/回收中心的利润.
A dual channel equilibrium model of a competitive closed-loop supply chain network with random demands is developed, with both physical and electronic transactions. The competitive dual channel closed-loop supply chain network is comprised by noncooperative manufacture/remanufacturing firms with production capacity constraints, distribution/recycling centers, retailers/recovery points with random market demand as well a binding price ceiling
of the goods. With the help of variational inequality theory, the network structure of the closed-loop supply chain is identified and the dual channel equilibrium conditions are derived. An algorithm for solving the equilibrium pattern is designed by logarithmic-quadratic proximal prediction-correction method. Numerical examples were given to show the impact of produc- tion capacity constrains and price ceiling on the network equilibrium pattern. The results show
that a shortage of the good arises when the government imposes a binding price ceiling on competitive markets, which is more serious in the existence of production capacity constraints. The profit of manufacture/remanufacturing firms, retailers/recovery points and supply chain is increased by adding a direct channel. However, the profit of distribution/recycling centers is decreased.

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